The goal of summative assessment is to evaluate student learning at the end of an instructional unit by comparing it against some standard or benchmark.
Summative assessments are often high stakes, which means that they have a high point value. Examples of summative assessments include:
- a mid course test where marks are applied
- a final project
- a paper
- a practical test
Information from summative assessments can be used formatively when learners or cohorts use it to guide their efforts and activities in subsequent courses.